To save Norway and Western Europe from “cultural Marxism” and Islam, Anders Behring Breivik wanted to “induce the greatest amount of loss to the Labour Party” to prevent their “mass importation” of Muslims into Norway.
Jingoism was coined in Britain in 1870 during a spark of anti-Russian sentiment, exemplifying the extreme nationalism that Jingoism has come to define. The term refers to citizens of a country judging their country as superior to another, an excessive bias and extreme nationalism. So saying, Anders Breivik has demonstrated the illusion of false superiority that can lead to events such as”ethnic cleansing” (e.g. Bosnian Serb Genocide and Rodovan Karadzic).
Anders Breivik was responsible for the death of an estimated 76 people, which may increase due to missing peoples. With recent updates from his trial today in Norway, Breivik worked in collaboration with two other cells to plot the car bombing in Oslo and the mass shooting in a youth labor party meeting on Utoeya island. Believing that the killings were “gruesome” but “necessary”, Breivik contended that he was waging a Christian crusade against multiculturalism. This coincides with his loathing for Islam and his determination to preserve a Christian Europe, rekindling old memories of Ted Kaczynski (Unabomber) and Timothy McVeigh (Oklahoma bomber). The extent to their similarities is illustrated by Breivik’s persistent quoting of Kczynski throughout his 1,500 page hate pledge, as well as the aggression and alienation felt by both Breivik and McVeigh from their government, leading to their extreme backlash.
Furthermore, the infatuation of Breivik with nationalism and aggression is capitalized by his interest in the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP) from Hitler’s Third Reich. The movement by Hitler was aimed at the unification of all Germany under a guiding ideology, bringing Germany to the forefront of global superpowers. Hitler scapegoated an existing minority to which the populace already felt aggression towards, aiding in his attempt to claim German superiority over surrounding nations, hence Jingoism. Hitler further targeted the existing regime for treason as the Social Democrats had signed the “Diktat”, betraying the German people, as well as the memories of the Germans who fought for what we being taken away. Similarly, Breivik successfully targeted a vulnerable discussion point of Muslim immigration, as well as adding violence and death through his objective of nationalism. Moreover, Breivik felt those targeted, the Labour Party, were guilty of treason, betraying Norway by allowing Muslim migrants to live within Norwegian borders.
“Multiculturalism is an anti-European hate ideology designed to deconstruct European cultures and tradition, European identities, European Christendom and even European nation-states. And, as such, it is an evil genocidal ideology created for the sole purpose of annihilating everything European.” – Anders Breivik
Once again, the fear of nationalism has risen because of the lunacy of a single individual. Though the comparison between Breivik and Hitler may be extreme, the repercussions of Breivik’s actions have brought into question the topics of globalization, multiculturalism, and the rise of nationalism within a supranational organization, the EU. The EU is a political body that promotes supranational identities, illustrated by its intended creation of the “United States of Europe”, but cries for sovereignty and independence led to the planned political unionization to fall through. Today, the EU accommodates sub-national identities and cultural differences within the EU; therefore, the EU citizenship merely compliments the existing national citizenship as the national is still taken as the point of reference throughout the EU block.
Nevertheless, one stated purpose of the EU is to guarantee the free movement of people across borders. It is this point that has brought conflict to the European Union. The migration of Eastern European peoples, as well as Middle Eastern peoples, has led to an increase of nationalist fears. This was most commonly seen by the forced exodus of the Gypsies from France back to Romania and further embodied by France outlawing the public wearing of full-face Muslim veils, or niqabs, in April 2011. Coupled together with the growing power of conservatives and nationalist powers throughout the European continent, the anti-multicultural sentimenet has been evident for a growing period of time. One rather startling example is the lack of an elected government in Belgium because of nationalistic tendencies within the country that is home to Brussels, the de facto headquarters of the EU. The growing divergence between the Dutch-speaking Flemish and French-speaking Walloon in Belgium has left a power vacuum in Belgium for over a year, the longest recorded period of time that a country has gone without a government in the world.
Elsewhere, right-wing populism has been on the rise, illustrating the backlash against immigration. For example, the Jobbik Party in Hungary, essentially a xenophobic aligned party, won 47 seats in elections this year, up from none in 2006. Another example are the Netherlands, known for tolerance, who held elections in which the far-right party known as the Party for Freedom won 15%. So saying, the re-nationalization of Europe is most clearly displayed by the Western European countries because of their allure to eastern people for being liberal, wealthy, and home to supposed tolerance. Ironically, France and Germany, two countries home to more Muslim immigrants that the majority of Europe, are the two most opposed towards Turkish membership in the EU. In 2010, Chancellor Merkel even stated that “multiculturalism has failed”.
The countries of the EU were joined together by future thoughts of prosperity and an unbreakable bond of fellowship, an idealistic symbol that seemed possible after the events of both World War II and the Cold War. Yet, the globalized society of the world has only added to the disparity between the West and the East, leading to the East dreaming of the luxuries of the West. As with every circumstance in history, the lure of democracy and freedom leads to those with it, trying to keep it. The growing problems of the world, both political and financially, have forced nations to be wary of all persons and all motives. The concept of “fish eat fish world” has become prevalent as the growing weight of these problems has created a “powder barrel” in which each member of society is reaching a breaking point. Anders Breivik, as throughout history, has served as a unique example of extreme consequences of paranoia and intolerance.
As the people are oft to say: “With death comes hope”. An international message has been delivered across land and sea. Society must listen and join together to confront the seemingly endless problems that plague a nation filled with great minds, great ideas, and great potential.
To the families and friends of all those that have lost in Norway, you have my condolences and my well wishes towards a much brighter future.